Jon Peddie Whitepapers

The Mobile Experience - Whitepaper

The "Mobile Experience" report is designed for mobile application developers, OEMs, and consumers. The report offers a perspective and focus that expands the evaluation of a mobile device from just processor speed, data feeds, and synthetic benchmark scores, to one that is more encompassing that includes the user experience.   Permalink

An Analysis of the GPU Market

Computer graphics is hard work. Behind the images you see in games and movies, or while editing photos or video, some serious processing is taking place. All the processing power you can muster is needed to push and polish pixels. And this task is only going to get more demanding as these applications get more sophisticated. Graphics Processing Units (GPUs), which do the heavy lifting in computer graphics, range greatly in size, price and performance. They span from tiny cores inside an ARM processor (such as Nvidia’s Tegra or Qualcomm’s Snapdragon), to graphics integrated within an X86 processor (such as AMD’s Fusion, Intel’s Sandy Bridge), to a standalone discrete device, or dGPU (such as AMD’s Radeon, or Nvidia’s GeForce).

  Permalink

Bigfoot Killer 2100

On-line gamers involved in intense role-playing-games (RPGs) or first-person-shooters (FPSs) need lightening fast reactions and decision making. Being slowed down by the computer or the network spoils the experience and puts the player at risk in the game. Bigfoot Networks latest network interface card (NIC), the Killer 2100, showed dramatic latency reduction advantages in gaming scenarios and demonstrates considerable improvement over what was already an impressive NIC the Killer Xeno. The Killer 2100 performed very well in the lab controlled environment and we would expect the same results in a real-world environment where gamers are vying for ever better performance from their systems.   Permalink

Power Management Opportunities in Graphics-Processors: Considerations for Regulators

Since its introduction over thirty years ago, the personal computer (PC) has been able to satisfy the market’s needs for entertainment, productivity, engineering and design, reaching shipments in year 2009 in excess of 300 million units worldwide, and 95 million units in the EMEA (Europe, Middle East, Africa) region1. The success of the PC is largely due to the users’ ability to adapt and configure it though open industry standards such as USB, WiFi, Bluetooth, PCI Express, DVI, and DisplayPort, to name a few. These standards allow the overall ecosystem to flourish and deliver purpose-built and innovative solutions for the consumer and businesses alike.

As a result of industry standardization, consumers can migrate their monitors, keyboards, and other devices from an older PC to a newer one, or they can upgrade their existing PC with a new graphics board, monitor, operating system, or other peripheral--capabilities that would not be possible without the use of open standards promoting interoperability. At the same time, there is no such thing as a “one size fits all” PC that responds to the requirements of all consumers.

Depending on their graphics requirements, customers can choose from a PC equipped with low- cost, low-performance integrated graphics processors and/or high-performance discrete graphics processors. The term “integrated graphics processor” refers to a graphics processing device that is typically integrated with the PC chipset or the CPU and that shares the PC system memory. The phrase “discrete graphics processor” refers to a graphics processing device that includes its own dedicated memory and memory controller. Discrete graphics processors today enable high- performance 2D, 3D, video, audio and display capabilities that are particularly popular with European consumers.

PC systems sold in Europe tend to be of higher performance levels than global averages, and accordingly tend to have a higher proportion of systems equipped with discrete graphics. The heightened demand for high-performance graphics enables an established ecosystem of regional system integrators to flourish, meeting local customer demand with differentiated graphics products, and stimulating competition in the European market.

A telling example of the need for open industry standards can be found in the critical arena of power management for discrete graphics processors. Computer manufacturers (“OEMs”) and component manufacturers alike, in their race for differentiation and sales, strive to manage power down to the lowest achievable levels—seeking to minimize cost of ownership and to maximize battery life in the case of laptops—while still delivering the needed performance and features to PC users. Power management technologies continue to evolve and rapidly improve over time. For example, it has been reported that the energy efficiency, or performance per watt, of discrete graphics has improved more than tenfold since 20052.

These impressive improvements in the energy efficiency of discrete graphics evolved from the PC’s basic architecture and the existing array of open standards. In recent years, proprietary techniques for power management have been introduced in a limited fashion, but the special case nature of the implementation and incompatibilities with industry standards rule them out for general application.

Switchable graphics, one such proprietary technology for power management, allows dynamic switching from discrete graphics to integrated graphics in some notebook PCs. While switchable graphics solutions have had some success in the market, the solutions are proprietary by nature; relying on custom software and hardware developed by individual vendors. Products with switchable graphics are specific to individual product offerings by specific OEMs, and in some cases available only within specific countries or regions. Support for switchable graphics is not possible using the standard model for PC motherboards that leverages the diversity and choice offered by the open standards-based PC ecosystem. In addition, switchable graphics solutions are not upgradable, and are confined to a small subset of product combinations, do not offer choices in operating systems, increase system complexity and deliver reduced performance and capabilities.

Innovation in the PC market flourishes in a regulatory environment that enables open, interoperable industry standards3. Regulations setting power allowances for discrete graphics that cannot be feasibly achieved by available technologies within the context of industry standards force the industry into use of non-standardized, proprietary technologies, such as switchable graphics architectures. This in turn results in limited performance, choice and connectivity for PC end-users. To ensure that consumers continue to benefit from the results of an open and competitive PC ecosystem; and to promote innovation, a diverse ecosystem of computer builders, and market competitiveness in their jurisdictions, regulators should promote the use of open, available, and established industry standards.

  Permalink

Visions and Predictions

Graphics industry leaders take a look at the year to come

As is customary in this and other industries, presidents, pundits, and pontificators look into the horizon and try to divine the future. We asked some of the most visionary people in the industry to share their views with us and give us a glimpse of what they see coming. We were surprised by the responses, and sadly couldn’t include them all. Here then are the ones we liked best. As you might expect, each contributor tended to see the world in his or her own terms but these people are all very engaged in their industries as well. Taken together, the things that they see as important—really are important because these people and the people who work for them and with them are helping to make these ideas a reality.

For two years now the cloud has been on everyone’s list of most influential technology. The beauty of talking about the cloud is that it is a vague term that has room for a variety of actual applications. So, you’re pretty much not going to go wrong when you go out on an limb and say “the cloud is going to be important.” However, there is another kind of cloud and the CAD companies have been talking about how important cloud point data is going to be. Ping Fu from Geomagic gives us her take and reminds us that success is about focus.

Through 2009, we’ve seen quite a few new ideas ooze to the top layers of the collective consciousness. Thanks to the movie business, stereoscopic 3D is re-emerging. Levy Gerzberg from Zoran, however, thinks that 3D is going to evolve a little differently than is commonly believed. Not surprisingly, Jen-Hsun Huang at Nvidia is excited about GPU compute possibilities. His company is making an audacious bet on GP GPU computing and they’re putting a lot of resources into trying to kick-start the technology. Like Gerzberg, Huang is also very interested in 3D and he’s looking at tablets. As this is being written, the tablet is on everyone’s mind as people expect to see Apple’s take on it early in 2010. Meanwhile, over at AMD where the company has quite a bit to be optimistic about, Dirk Meyer believes the new PC operating systems Microsoft’s Windows 7 and Apple’s Snow Leopard are going to have a big impact on the industry. Meyer sees them as the gateway for his Fusion product. Luxology’s Brad Peebler has wide ranging interests. He’s expecting to see advances in Augmented Reality, 3D cameras, and photos. Hossein Yassaie from Imagination Technologies is another challenger in the semiconductor market. He has big ambitions for Imagination and thinks multimedia will be everywhere enabled by a new class of embedded connected processors.

The JPR crew piped in to, and Andy thinks 2010 will be the year of Always-on Content and never out of touch smart phones. Interestingly, Jake and Andy take different sides on a couple of issues. Andy sees Blu-ray becoming as important for storage and archiving as it is for content. Jake thinks social networks and the cloud will help kill off physical media, while Ted is cautiously optimistic about on-line games, likes consoles and thinks social networks are over hyped. Jon’s wrap up is, don’t go for the easy forecast and pay attention to intimacy.

  Permalink

Network Gaming Acceleration

Improved Performance in Online Gameplay with Bigfoot Networks Killer® Xeno Pro   Permalink

Multi-GPU

Multi - GPU - The Needs, Issues, and Opportunities   Permalink

Render Management

How a render management system can expand an organization's capabilities.   Permalink

Intel-The Graphics Company

A free whitepaper.   Permalink

Quantifying performance in 3D modeling and animation software

A Jon Peddie Research Whitepaper exploring the potential of optimizing software for new hardware platforms. This white paper was created in cooperation with Softimage, a division of Avid. All files used to run the tests are available here. We ran the tests on an AMD Opteron Quad-Core 2.30 GHz with 2 processors, 8 GB of RAM. The graphics board was a FireGL V7600 with the Catalyst 2008.0603.2230.38408 driver. The tests were run on both 64-bit Vista and Window XP. We used the shipping versions of 3ds Max and Maya (as of Summer 2008) and Softimage’s latest version XSI 7.   Permalink

Pop in the Sales

A pop in the sales of graphics add-in board sales will occur in Q4 and Q1 due to Intel, not Microsoft   Permalink

Windows Vista

The first PC operating system that requires a GPU to get the full experience Download FREE (PDF format)   Permalink

Personal Productivity Graphics

The Business of Personal Productivity Graphics Download FREE (PDF format)   Permalink

Media Processing Issues and Opportunities

Too much content going through my brain, or I want my MTV. Download FREE (PDF format)   Permalink

The Console Market

Why Sony will dominate, Microsoft wins, and Nintendo doesn't care   Permalink

Memory Capacity Requirements for Media Files

Revised 11-04-04 A white paper on storage capacity   Permalink

Digital Darwinism

The best thing since sliced bread   Permalink

OpenGL 2.0

The Path to Programmability   Permalink